Research - Ricerche
The aim of the study was to investigate the link between different communication patterns and psychological abuse among young adults romantic relationships. Specifically, the research was aimed at analyzing the direct relation between efficacious, avoidant, dismissive and manipulative communicative patterns and both reported victimized and perpetrated behaviors of psychological abuse within the couple. Participants were 557 young adults (211 males), aged between 18-30 years (M = 22.61; SD = 3.85), currently involved in a heterosexual romantic relationship of at least 6 months duration. Results showed that the most important predictors of perpetration and victimization reports of psychological abuse are the Dismissal and Manipulation communication patterns, whereas Avoidance is not a significant predictor of psychological abuse. Theoretical and social implications and directions for future research are identified.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) with comorbid Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) is associated to greater impairment than OCD alone. No research examined comorbid OCPD as a predictor of outcomes in resistant OCD. The current study investigated whether inpatients with resistant OCD and comorbid OCPD could benefit from an inpatient intensive CBT program (II-CBT). Fifty-six inpatients with resistant OCD were enrolled. Twenty had OCPD. Participants underwent a 5-week II-CBT including daily and prolonged ERP sessions. SCID-I and SCID-II were administered at baseline, Y-BOCS, and BDI-II at baseline and post-treatment. Treatment effects were large [unbiased Hedges’ g = 1.11]. An interaction effect emerged between baseline Y-BOCS scores and comorbid OCPD on outcomes (F = 4.05, p<.05). Inpatients with more severe Y-BOCS scores and comorbid OCPD had greater pre-posttreatment changes on Y-BOCS (B = .85, t = 2.01, p<.01), but not on BDI-II. II-CBT seemed to be a strategy tailored for inpatients with resistant OCD with comorbid OCPD. However, II-CBT did not seem to target comorbid depression.
Experiences & Tools - Strumenti
The assessment of linguistic competence in sequential bilingualism is a research issue that remains unresolved. The goal of the present study was to assess the discriminating power of the Italian version of the ALDeQ (Alberta Language and Development Questionnaire; Paradis, Emmerzael & Sorenson Duncan, 2010). The adapted questionnaire was administered to the parents of 18 sequential bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and to 105 parents of children with Typical Language Development. The results obtained revealed considerable sensitivity and specificity indexes, particularly for the full scale score. Data from the present study suggest that the Italian version of ALDeQ is a reliable instrument to be used for assessing sequential bilingual children for whom clinicians and educators are in doubt of possible language impairments.